DID YOU KNOW THAT................????????
One hundred and fifty thousand years ago, Africa
was the only place on earth occupied by modern humans.
Until the 1950s, most archeologists believed
that humans first evolved from their hominid ancestors
somewhere in Asia.
The husband and wife team
of Louis and Mary Leakey, famous archeologists, believed
otherwise, however, and worked tirelessly in
the hot sun for decades in the Great Rift Valley in
Tanzania to prove that they were right. Eventually,
discoveries by the Leakeys, Donald Johanson, and
others led to the theory that humanity originated in
Africa and from there migrated around the world.
These fascinating stories are told in the article on
“Archeological Discoveries” in this volume.
In 1984, German anthropologist Günter Bräuer
published his “Afro-European sapiens hypothesis,”
in which he concluded that humans evolved in East
Africa; he then developed a model of how and where
these first people migrated. Bräuer’s thesis was supported
by the research of geneticists who analyzed
the mitochondrial DNA of people around the
world and concluded that there were more mutations
among Africans than any other group.
From this, the researchers were able to confirm an African
origin, or birth, for humanity. Linguists, meanwhile,
have found that patterns of language diversification
closely match patterns of genetic diversification,
adding yet another layer of proof to the theory.
There seems to be little room for doubt that the
first mother of the human race was African.